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Introduction: Sappho’s Dialect

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2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 The Aeolic dialect was spoken on Lesbos, the coast of Asia Minor, Thessaly, and Boeotia. Sappho and the poet Alcaeus, her direct contemporary, are its primary literary representatives. Some of these forms may be familiar from reading Homeric epic, which borrowed many Aeolisms.

Features of the Aeolic dialect

Differences between… Aeolic Attic & Ionic
No rough breathings (psilosis).

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 NB: This affects the aspirated letters (θ, φ).

ππος

4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 κατεύδω

ππος

5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 καθεύδω

Recession of the accent, as far back as it can go (barytonesis) θέος, θέων θεός, θεν
Vowel changes

6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0 Primarily, long α instead of η

7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 0 Οther vowel shifts

8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 α (λάθα)

9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 ε (κρέτος)

10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0 η (γένηον)

11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 ο (στρότος)

12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 0 υ (πίσσω)

13 Leave a comment on paragraph 13 0 ω

14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 0 αι (παῖσι)

15 Leave a comment on paragraph 15 0 οι (μοι)

16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0 -τα (ὄτα)

16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0 η (λήθη)

17 Leave a comment on paragraph 17 0 α (κράτος)

18 Leave a comment on paragraph 18 0 ει (γένειον)

19 Leave a comment on paragraph 19 0 α (στρατός) or ου

20 Leave a comment on paragraph 20 0 ο (πισω)

21 Leave a comment on paragraph 21 0 ου

22 Leave a comment on paragraph 22 0 α (πσι) or η

23 Leave a comment on paragraph 23 0 ου (μοῦ)

24 Leave a comment on paragraph 24 0 -τε (ὅτε)

Consonant changes π (πήλοι)

25 Leave a comment on paragraph 25 0 σδ (φροντίσδην)

26 Leave a comment on paragraph 26 0 σπ (σπόλα)

27 Leave a comment on paragraph 27 0 βρ (βράκος)

τ (τηλοῦ)

28 Leave a comment on paragraph 28 0 ζ (φροντίζην)

29 Leave a comment on paragraph 29 0 στ (στολή)

30 Leave a comment on paragraph 30 0 ρ (άκος)

Double letters μμ (ὔμμες)

31 Leave a comment on paragraph 31 0 νν (σελάννα)

32 Leave a comment on paragraph 32 0 ρρ (χέρρες)

μ (ὑμεῖς)

33 Leave a comment on paragraph 33 0 ν (σελήνη)

34 Leave a comment on paragraph 34 0 ειρ (χεῖρες)

Article (fem. sg.)

35 Leave a comment on paragraph 35 0 τάν

36 Leave a comment on paragraph 36 0 τήν

Pronouns

37 Leave a comment on paragraph 37 0 his/her (gen.)

38 Leave a comment on paragraph 38 0 to him/her (dat.)

39 Leave a comment on paragraph 39 0 him/her (acc.)

40 Leave a comment on paragraph 40 0 ϝεθεν

41 Leave a comment on paragraph 41 0 ϝοι

42 Leave a comment on paragraph 42 0 ϝε

We (nom.)

43 Leave a comment on paragraph 43 0 of us (gen.)

44 Leave a comment on paragraph 44 0 to us (dat.)

45 Leave a comment on paragraph 45 0 us (acc.)

ἄμμες

46 Leave a comment on paragraph 46 0 ἀμμέων

47 Leave a comment on paragraph 47 0 ἄμμι(ν)

48 Leave a comment on paragraph 48 0 ἄμμε

ἡμεῖς

49 Leave a comment on paragraph 49 0 ἡμέων

50 Leave a comment on paragraph 50 0 ἡμῖν

51 Leave a comment on paragraph 51 0 ἡμέας

You all (nom.)

52 Leave a comment on paragraph 52 0 to you all (dat.)

53 Leave a comment on paragraph 53 0 you all (acc.)

ὔμμες

54 Leave a comment on paragraph 54 0 ὔμμι(ν)

55 Leave a comment on paragraph 55 0 ὔμμε

ὑμεῖς

56 Leave a comment on paragraph 56 0 ὑμῖν

57 Leave a comment on paragraph 57 0 ὑμέας

Nouns and Adjectives
Gen. Sg. -ας

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-ης

59 Leave a comment on paragraph 59 0 -ου

Gen. Pl. Fem. -αν -ων
Dat. Pl. Masc. -οισι -οις
Dat. Pl. Fem. -αισι -αις
Acc. Pl. Masc. -οις -ους
Acc. Pl. Fem. -αις -ας
Verbs
3rd pl. pres. act. indic. -οισι(ν) – ουσι(ν)

Infinitives

-ην

60 Leave a comment on paragraph 60 0 ἔμμεναι

-ειν

61 Leave a comment on paragraph 61 0 -ναι

62 Leave a comment on paragraph 62 0 -κεναι

63 Leave a comment on paragraph 63 0 εἶναι

Contract verbs τίμαιμι

64 Leave a comment on paragraph 64 0 φίλημι

65 Leave a comment on paragraph 65 0 δήλωμι

66 Leave a comment on paragraph 66 0 τιμαισα (pres. partic)

τιμάω

67 Leave a comment on paragraph 67 0 φιλέω

68 Leave a comment on paragraph 68 0 δηλόω

69 Leave a comment on paragraph 69 0 τιμῶσα

Participles (fem. pres. act.) -οισα (λάβοισα) – ουσα (λαβοσα)
Prepositions ἀπύ ἀπό
ζά διά
κάτ κατά
ὄν(ν) ἀνά
παρ παρά
πεδά μετά
ὐπά ὑπό
Particles κε(ν) ἄν
For more information, see:

Annis, William A. 2002-2007. “Lesbian Aeolic.” Aoidoi.org. 

Page, Denys Lionel. 1955. Sappho and Alcaeus: An Introduction to the Study of Ancient Lesbian Poetry, 327-29. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

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Source: https://digitalsappho.org/sapphos-dialect/